The documentation does not mention the relationship between the IfcLamp (e.g. bulb) and the IfcLightFixture (luminaire, shade, etc). From reading the docs, the most valid relationship seems to be either IfcRelNests or ports, where the IfcLamp(s) is hosted by, or connected to the IfcLightFixture. In contrast to the example given on the IfcRelNests page, the IfcLightFixture will indeed have a body representation, but the IfcLamp will have a Lighting representation.
Element nesting should be used for cases where the hosting element has a specific position for attaching other elements of a particular type or form factor where there is no port connection. Ports should be used for scenarios where there is any distribution flow between objects (e.g. electricity, liquid, air/gas). For all other physical connections, the IfcRelConnectsElements relationship and its subtypes should be used.
EXAMPLE Electric distribution boards would use ports to connect to contained circuit breakers rather than nesting, because there is an electrical connection between the board and each breaker.
A general rule for using nesting as opposed to aggregation is based on the contents of the manufactured product as ordered according to its specified article number. If the product includes the component (regardless of whether it comes assembled), then it should use aggregation. If the product does not include any such component but is specifically designed for attaching to other components, then it should use nesting.
Can this be clarified?
The general rule of thumb seems interesting - this implies that if I have a railing with in-built strip lighting, then that uses an aggregation instead?